I have to admit: speaking in English can be very hard. When I first learned about pronunciation and its differences, I was confused. But hopefully with this guide from EnglishSecret, we can help lessen your burdens!
With every rule, we have listed examples. We also included sample sentences you can use to practice the rules.
1. If the ending sound of the word is voiceless, the –ed will sound /t/
f, k, p, s, ch, sh, voiceless-th
stop – stopped (t), cook – cooked (t)
like – liked (t), laugh – laughed (t)
finish – finished (t), ask – asked (t)
watch – watched (t)
I liked to play video games, but I stopped after I got a job.
2. If the ending sound of the word is voiced, the –ed will sound /d/
b, dg, g, j, l, m, n, ng, r, voiced- th, v, w, z
+ all vowel sounds
believe – believed (d), play – played (d)
learn – learned (d), marry – married (d)
stay – stayed (d), call – called (d)
Many couples who are married stayed together until problems came up.
3. If the ending sound of the word is /d/ or /t/, the –ed will sound /id/
add – added (id), wait – waited (id)
date – dated (id), decide – decided (id)
point – pointed (id), end – ended (id)
We waited a few weeks before we decided to buy the house.
If you have any comments on pronouncing -ed at the end of certain words, please let us know!